The Hebrew Calendar
We all have a free choice of what we want to believe.
But the truth is still the truth, even if no one believes it. A lie is still a lie even if everyone believes it.
Just because you cannot see something does not mean that it is not there.
The Hebrews have been using a lunisolar calendar since the time they left Egypt. The first command the Hebrew people received after leaving Egypt was to determine the new moon, and after that, the Hebrews also received the command to keep the Passover that falls in spring and starts the three Spring Feasts and Autumn Feasts, these collectively are known as the Scriptural Feasts.
The Scriptural Feasts comprised seven annual events, these are recorded in the books of Leviticus and Deuteronomy. According to the Hebrew calendar, Scriptural Feasts were to be held on the same date and month of the Hebrew calendar each year. In the western world however, we use the pagan Gregorian calendar that is a solar calendar, and this does not equate easily to the Hebrew calendar.
To add complexity, there are three calendars that you need to understand, as follows
Hebrew Calendar of which there are two methods to determine the start of a month
The Creation Calendar – this is the calendar set out in the Scriptures and is the calendar that you should follow for observing Appointed Times
The babylonian calendar - After the Babylonian exile, the Hebrews were divided on the date of the observance of Passover. This calendar lags the Hebrew creation calendar between 16 and 40 hours. You should not use this calendar
Gregorian calendar – this is a pagan Roman calendar focused on Roman false deities. You are forced by world economics to use this calendar.
The Hebrew calendar
The Hebrew calendar is a lunar-solar calendar. That is, the start and end of months is determined by the moons phases, and the start and end of a day is determined by the suns phases.
The term "moon cycle" (or "lunar cycle") refers to the moon's continuous orbit around the earth. As the moon orbits the earth, its appearance (the "phase") changes as the position of the earth between the moon and the sun change. Depending on where an individual is observing the moon, the shadow of the earth on the moon gives us an indication of the moon's progress through the lunar cycle. We can only see the part of the moon that is not shadowed by the earth, i.e. the part that is illuminated by the sun.
As the Gregorian calendar has months of 30/31 days, the monthly cycle within a year is very different to the Hebrew calendar and the gregorian calendar. The average month length for the Gregorian calendar is 30.4 days against the average month length of 27.3 days in the Hebrew calendar. There is also a difference in the number of days within a year, the Hebrew calendar has 360 days while the gregorian calendar has 365 days.
As the moon, sun and earth move through a cycle, it takes 235 lunar months, very nearly exactly equal to 19 years. At 19 years, the new moon occurs on the same day of the year as at the beginning of the cycle with perhaps a shift of one day, depending on the number of leap years in the cycle. To cater for this difference, the Hebrew calendar includes “leap months” where every 7 years out of 19 years a leap month is added, so that over the full 19 year cycle, all time is correctly accounted for.
The Hebrew days also varies from the gregorian day period. The Hebrew day starts at sunset on 1 day, and finishes at sunset on the next day. Whereas gregorian is midnight to midnight.
There are two types of Hebrew calendar, the original creation calendar as set out in the Scriptures, and the Hebrew Babylonian calendar that was used by the pharisees.
The Hebrew creation calendar
The Hebrew Creation Calendar month determines the start of a new month as the day that begins at sunset when there is a new moon. That is, there is no visible portion of the moon (it is also known as “dark moon”). This day is the first day of a month, and days start counting from 1 to 30 until the next new moon, when the next month starts.
The Hebrew Babylonian calendar
This calendar was determined from the ancient Babylonian calendar which was adopted by the Hebrews during their enforced sojourn. This, defines the commencement of a month with sighting the first crescent of a new moon. This method determines the first day of each month. The High Priest waited until the first crescent of the new moon was sighted before declaring the commencement of a new month.
Due to this delay, dates determined with this methodology are some 16 to 40 hours later than dates determined by the Hebrew creation calendar. This will explain to you why some sources are a day apart in their determination of Feast dates.
The gregorian calendar
This is the calendar that most of the western world keeps time to. Days of the week and months of the year are named after false deities. Days start at midnight and end the following midnight, and there is no reliance on the moon or sun for start or end of months. This calendar could not be further from the Scriptures if it tried.
Well that is what s-a-t-a-n hopes for. His alternate reality makes it hard to learn and comprehend the Fathers Way and time keeping. If you wish to follow the Fathers Way, you need to follow the Hebrew Creation Calendar.
Three centuries after the resurrection of the Messiah, it was obvious that the persecution that the Roman Empire placed on believers to force them to recant was not working. Believers were growing fast in numbers as the Word spread. S-a-t-a-n may then have embarked on a new strategy of diverting people from the Truth by working within believers. He established a false truth that believers would follow given sufficient economic pressure. This false truth diverted believers from the Salvation Plan set out in the Appointed Times.
Constantine and the First Council of Nicaea, put regulation in place to force denominations, through economic pressure, to focus on the pagan festivals of c-h-r-i-s-t-m-a-s and e-a-s-t-e-r, instead of the Fathers Appointed Times. This changed the Appointed Times away from the Hebrew Creation Calendar and masked the purpose of the Appointed Time. Following the gregorian calendar is merging witchcraft, magic, paganism, and false deities into the Appointed Times.
Most teachers will tell you that is OK, we can choose the dates to remember the Appointed Times and the Messiahs resurrection. But in my view this is not correct, who are we to reset something that the Father created?
S-a-t-a-n has fooled most denominations to willingly believe that the Messiah fulfilled all of the Old Testament, and the Appointed Times, Commandments and instructions no longer applies to them, that is, we are saved by grace and not works. But this is contorting the meaning and message of the Scriptures.
The Messiah certainly fulfilled the sacrificial system for the atonement of sins, the Feasts (which follows the Fathers Salvation Plan) and Commandments (including the Sabbath), but the Autumn Feasts are yet to come - this is the end of the age. During the Millennium Sukkot, an Appointed Time, remains and will be with us in the millennium (refer to Zechariah 14:16–19). So a question for those who do not believe in the Appointed Times - if they no longer apply, why does one of these survive into the Millennium.
Tables to help your understanding
If you wish to worship in spirit and in truth to the Fathers specified Appointed Times, you need to understand the Hebrew calendar, and convert the Appointed Time dates from Hebrew to gregorian. I have done this for you below I have made two tables to help match the Appointed Time dates in the Hebrew Creation Calendar to the gregorian calendar.
The table below is sets out the Appointed Times for 2022. The days in red are High Sabbath Days, and these are days on which you only do essential work. The day is set aside to Yahuah, to worship, study, pray and join with other believers to celebrate the Fathers Salvation plan
The table below sets out the Hebrew Calendar to the gregorian calendar. This shows you just how different these two calendars actually are
Things you must be aware of
The start of a Hebrew month must be determined from the lunar cycle visible from Israel, not from other locations around the world. The time of a dark moon will differ depending on where in the world an observer is located.
The new moon can be calculated for Israel from NASA data within an accuracy of seconds. To determine the start of each month, use NASA data at https://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/SKYCAL/SKYCAL.html?cal=2022#skycal (make sure you select the right attributes before generating the table).
We can back date the occurrence of new moons historically using the NASA calendars so we can determine the day of week that Feasts occurred on. This is how we can determine the likely year that the Messiah was crucified on, and is discussed on other web pages here.
The Feast dates provided within the Scriptures are specific to a day within a Hebrew (and not Gregorian) month, for instance Passover is the 14th day of Nisan. The matching gregorian date and day of the week will naturally vary. It is not static as most denominations will tell you – it is physically and mathematically impossible for Passover to be Friday every year
This means that Feast days, although they were celebrated on the same day number of the same Hebrew month, could not possibly fall on the same day of the week each year, as weeks are 7 days long and 27.3 is not exactly divided by 7. 12 Similarly, the Feast dates cannot be referenced to the gregorian calendar days, to do so is a pagan practice and missing what is set apart by the father, with paganism. It is sad to see that many denominations follow pagan practices and calendars and not the Scripture specified calendars, they blend paganism and worship.
Elsewhere on this web site we talk about the incorporation of paganism and false deity worship into denominations.