The Messiahs crucifixion
Before studying this section, a good idea is to read the Messiahs last journey, and the the Spring Feast pages. The traditional story of the Messiahs crucifixion does not align with either the Gospel accounts, the prophecies in the Old Testament, or history. It instead aligns with pagan festivals. This alignment demeans the Messiahs sacrifice, and misguides believers in their belief. It is false doctrine, remember the words of the Messiah starting in Matthew 23:13
Matthew 23:13 “But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you shut up the reign of the heavens before men, for you do not go in, nor do you allow those who are entering to go in. 14 “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you eat up widows’ houses, and for a show make long prayers. Because of this you shall receive greater judgment. 15 “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you go about the land and the sea to win one convert, and when he is won, you make him a son of hell twofold more than yourselves.
The Messiah was crucified on the Passover day. Following the Messiahs crucifixion was a High Sabbath day - the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread - the Messiahs crucifixion cannot have been a Friday as the Gospel accounts will not align. The doctrine that pursues a Friday as the day of the Messiahs crucifixion is causing people to worship on a pagan deity festival date.
A High Sabbath day was a day of rest in which no work was to be done, in the same way the weekly Sabbath was observed on the seventh day. (Refer to Leviticus 23:4-8, Numbers 28:16-18, and take special notice of John 19:31)
John 19:31 31 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and [that] they might be taken away.
The High Sabbath day which John was speaking about was one of the three spring non-servile days.
According to the Jewish calendar, the 14th day of the first month was Passover Day, and the 15th day was the annual or High Sabbath, which began the week-long Feast of Unleavened Bread (Leviticus 23:1-8).
There appears to be a conflict in scriptural records. Luke 23:55, 56 say that the women (Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of James) went and prepared anointing spices and oils BEFORE the Sabbath. But they would not have had time to do this on the day the Messiah was crucified, as they remained with the Messiah until his interment.
Luke 23:55 And the women also, which came with him from Galilee, followed after, and beheld the sepulchre, and how his body was laid. 56 And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.
Mark 16:1 says that the women bought the spices AFTER the Sabbath. If the day following the Messiahs crucifixion was a Saturday (Sabbath), the woman would not have been able to buy the spice and prepare it on the late Friday afternoon of the crucifixion (as that day was the preparation day for the weekly Sabbath and everyone else was preparing for the Sabbath starting at sunset). Similarly, the women would not have been able to buy the spice on the Sabbath (Saturday our time), or before dawn on the Sunday morning (the day following the weekly Sabbath day), let alone prepare it on those days. Taking the traditional e-a-s-t-e-r rule of a Friday crucifixion, the Gospels appear to contradict each other using the teaching off many denominations. A Friday crucifixion cannot have occurred and the e-a-s-t-e-r rule is totally inaccurate as the timing just does not work.
To allow the Gospels to align accounts there must have been two different Sabbaths being spoken of in these verses. A high Sabbath on one day, followed by the normal Sabbath preparation day, followed by a weekly Sabbath. The women both bought and prepared the spices on the same day which just so happened to the normal weekly Sabbath preparation day, and in this case fell between the High Sabbath and the normal weekly Sabbath.
Note that Mark says they bought the spices AFTER the Sabbath. If there were two Sabbaths within a week, a High Sabbath following the day of the Messiahs crucifixion, a day of preparation, and a normal Sabbath, the Gospel accounts all align.
Mark 16:1 And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the [mother] of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him. 2 And very early in the morning the first [day] of the week, they came unto the sepulchre at the rising of the sun.
We know from the date of the Passover that the day following Messiahs crucifixion was a High Sabbath day, it was the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. When Luke (Luke 23:55) says they prepared the spices and then rested on the Sabbath, this particular Sabbath was the usual weekly Sabbath that always occurred on the seventh day of the week, which was Saturday
There is also proof that there were two Sabbaths in Matthew 28:1. Since the word "Sabbath" is mentioned in the singular form in most modern language Bible translations, this could be taken to mean that the traditional Friday crucifixion scenario would be referenced. However, Greek manuscripts and some translations render the word "Sabbaths" in the plural form - have a look at the Greek text in the interlinear bible. "Sabbaths" is the correct interpretation.
But this starts to get more interesting, as Yahusha had the Passover supper at the beginning of Nisan 14, how could the priests eat the Passover on Nisan 15? Yahusha ate the Passover supper with his disciples on the evening before he was crucified. Refer to the page "Confused calendar dates" which discusses this issue.
The Messiah last journey to Jerusalem was via Bethany, and is set out on the page ""Messiahs last Journey". He celebrated the Passover with his disciples. At this supper the Messiahs washed the feet of His disciples and shared the Passover meal with them
Luke 22:14 And when the hour had come, He sat down, and the twelve emissaries with Him. 15 And He said to them, “With desire I have desired to eat this Passover with you before My suffering, 16 for I say to you, I shall certainly not eat of it again until it is filled in the reign of Aluah.”
During this meal, Judas was revealed as the one who would betray His master (John 13:1-30). At the conclusion of the meal, the Messiah announced the renewed covenant. Many interpretations use the words "new covenant", but the actual translation of the original Greek is "renewed covenant." The Messiah did not cancel the old covenant, he fulfilled part of it and that is why the Ten Commandments and the Feasts still apply now. This is important, because although the Messiah fulfilled the sacrificial laws for the atonement of sin, other laws still exist and apply, for instance keeping the Sabbath.
Luke 22:19 And taking bread, giving thanks, He broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is My body which is given for you, do this in remembrance of Me.” 20 Likewise the cup also, after supper, saying, “This cup is the renewed covenant in My blood which is shed for you (refer also to Matthew 26:28, Mark 14:24 where the exact same words are used)
After the meal, He took His disciples to the Garden of Gethsemane. There, He took Peter, John, and James with him, and told them to pray they wouldn’t fall into temptation, and then went to pray by Himself. The disciples fell asleep.
Alone, the Messiah was grieved and depressed, sorrowful as He approached death. His sweat fell like drops of blood (Luke 22:44)—His anguish was such that His life was practically dripping away from Him. He asked the Father to take the coming torment from Him, but only if it was the Father’s will (Luke 22:42). It was not the anticipation of scourging or the horrible hours on the cross that made the Messiah so sorrowful it most probably was the anticipation of carrying the weight of sin of mankind (Matthew 27:46).
An angel came to strengthen Him. The Messiah roused the sleeping disciples and again asked Peter, James, and John to pray that they would stay loyal to Him, but they fell asleep again. He had shared His life and His coming death with His disciples for three years, but they, like the denominations now, were asleep to what was around them.
A large crowd with swords and clubs, came from the chief priests and the scribes and the elders. Judas, identified the Messiah with a kiss (Mark 14:44), and the Messiah was arrested. He was taken to the high priest. Many witnesses lied about the Messiah. One of the witnesses quoted the Messiah as saying destroy this dwelling place that is made with hands, and within three days I shall build another without hands." Little did people realise that this was a prophetic statement of the Messiahs resurrection.
Mark 14:61 But He remained silent and gave no answer. Again the high priest asked Him, saying to Him, “Are You the Messiah, the Son of the Blessed?” 62 And Yahusha said, “I am, and you shall see the Son of Aḏam sitting at the right hand of the Power, and coming with the clouds of the heaven.” (these are quotes from Psalm 110:1 Daniel 7:13).
The Messiah was blindfolded, spat on, beaten. He would have felt humiliated by the people that he came loved and came to help. He was held until the morning when he was taken to Pontius Pilate. Pilate was the fifth governor of the Roman province of Judaea, serving under Emperor Tiberius from 26/27 to 36/37 AD. Pontius Pilate was also known for being particularly cruel.
John records that the priests would not enter Pilates judgement hall, in case they would be defiled, further evidence that the crucifixion cannot have been on a Friday.
John 18:28 Then led they Yahusha from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the Passover.
The issue of two different dates for Passover are set out in the page "Confused calendar dates." The Messiah had Passover supper using the Creation calendar, but the priests used the Babylonian calendar. The difference is about one day.
After questioning by Pilate and Herod, Pilate had the Messiah humiliated, beaten, mocked, and whipped to close to the point of death. The Messiahs body would have been in shock as he would not have eaten, probably not had anything to drink and would have been in extreme pain, and suffering from blood loss as even his muscles were torn on his body. We cannot begin to imagine how he felt, rejected by everyone that he came to labour for and save, and deserted by His disciples. People had already forgotten his miracles and his teaching, those that had not would have been silenced and not allowed to speak out (now is this similar to today - can we readily and publicly teach the Scriptures now?). Blood dripped from His head from the long thorns in His crown, and from deep wounds over his body, every move or breath would have been abjectly painful. But despite all of this, the Messiah did not flinch from his course, he stayed on The Way to start the Salvation plan of mankind.
As it was Passover, Pilate had a tradition of releasing one prisoner, whoever the crowd asked for. He offered Barabbas (a rebel) or the Messiah. The crowd called for Barabbas to be released. Reluctantly Pilate sentenced the Messiah to die on the cross.
The Messiah was taken to be crucified along with two other prisoners. On the way he stumbled and feel carrying the heavy cross beam. Shock and pain will have been racking his body. But still he did not flinch from his course.
Mark records that the Messiah was nailed to the cross at the third hour and died at the ninth hour. This was 9am and 3pm respectively as we understand it now. Once on the cross, He had the choice of resting His weight on the spikes driven into His wrists or pushing up on the spikes through the bone of his heels and being able to breathe. The Pain will have been unbearable, his love for us is beyond what we can imagine. People taunted Him, but he still did not flinch in his dedication to the Salvation plan to save mankind.
Mark 15:25 And it was the third hour, and they impaled Him.
After 6 hours on the cross, the Messiah died. His body had been severely beaten, damaged, and in shock. Even in the moments before His death, He did not depart from fulfilling the Spring Feasts or the Scriptures, or the Fathers Salvation Plan for mankind.
Mark 15:34 And at the ninth hour Yahusha cried out with a loud voice, saying, "Ěli, Ěli, lamah sheḇaqtani?”a which is translated, “My Ěl, My Ěl, why have You forsaken Me?” 35 And some of those standing by, when they heard it, said, “See, He is calling for Ěliyahu!” 36 And someone ran and filled a sponge with sour wine, and put it on a reed, and offered it to Him to drink, saying, “Leave Him, let us see if Ěliyahu does come to take Him down.” 37 And cried out with a loud voice, and breathed His last. 38 And the veil of the Dwelling Place was torn in two from top to bottom.
There are particular events that occur at 9am and 3pm that you need to understand in order to understand the fulfillment of the Spring Feasts, and this is the daily sacrifice, also known as the Olat Tamid, and the page on resurrection.
The Perpetual Sacrifice in the Temple: 9am and 3 pm (Tamid).
There was one other sacrifice that was going on in the Temple when Yahusha was crucified: the perpetual sacrifice, known as the Olat Tamid, or for short, Tamid.
Olat Tamid means "daily burnt-offering" and is set out in Exodus 29:38–42 and Numbers 28:1–8 and is also referenced in II Kings 16:15; Ezekiel. 46:13–15; Nehemiah. 10:34, and II Chronicles. 13:11.
This sacrifice is well documented forgotten by almost everyone, was arguably the most memorable of all the Israeli sacrifices, since it happened every day, twice a day. An unblemished male lamb was to be sacrificed in the sanctuary, and offered along with a sacrifice of flour and wine
Exodus 29:38 Now this [is that] which thou shalt offer upon the altar; two lambs of the first year day by day continually. 39 The one lamb thou shalt offer in the morning; and the other lamb thou shalt offer at even:
Numbers 28:3 And thou shalt say unto them, This [is] the offering made by fire which ye shall offer unto the LORD; two lambs of the first year without spot day by day, [for] a continual burnt offering. 4 The one lamb shalt thou offer in the morning, and the other lamb shalt thou offer at even;
According to ancient Jewish tradition, as found in the Mishnah and Talmud, the daily Tamid was not just about sacrifice; it was also accompanied by prayers, which Jews everywhere would say while the sacrifices were being offered in the Temple.
Now, although the Old Testament does not say exactly when the morning and evening sacrifice took place, according to Josephus and other sources outside the Scriptures, the morning offering of the Tamid took place at 9 a.m., while the evening offering took place at 3 p.m. (See Mishnah, Tamid 3:7; Josephus, Antiquities 14.4.3; Philo, Special Laws, 1:169).
Following this sacrifice there was an hour of prayer. In Acts 3:1. the disciples attended this hour of prayer at the ninth hour (3pm)
Acts 3:1 Now Peter and John went up together into the temple at the hour of prayer, [being] the ninth [hour].
According to Jewish tradition, at 9 am. and 3 pm., the Jews in the Temple would have been praying for
forgiveness of sins
the coming of the Messiah
the resurrection of the dead
What is striking about these prayers is this. If these ancient Jewish traditions are correct--and I realise that this is disputed, we do not have photographic records--then the Jews in the Temple would have been praying for the very things that we believe were dispensed by the Messiahs crucifixion. while the Tamid was being sacrificed.
The Messiah is the true sacrifice, his blood is the atoning power for the forgiveness of our sins. Regardless of what you think of the time scale for the Messiahs crucifixion, the important issue is that you trust and believe in the Messiah, and that like the Israelites when they left Egypt, that you start on your journey, setting yourself apart from the world, sin and false doctrine.
I would suggest that the Passover, Feast of Unleavened Bread, and Feast of First Fruits have far more significance once we understand the facts set out in the Scriptures. We have
The Messiahs crucifixion day coincided with the Passover - we have been re;leased from the bondage of sin to commence our journey (The Way) to the promised land with a renewed covenant
The Messiahs crucifixion time of 9am coincided with the morning Tamid sacrifice and prayers for the forgiveness of sins
The Messiahs death time of 3pm coincided with
the afternoon Tamid sacrifice and prayers
potentially the Passover lamb sacrifice for the Temple Passover supper
The Messiahs spent 3 days and 3 nights in the tomb as he said he would do – the Scripture is inerrant, and without spending that time, tradition was that he was not really dead
The Messiahs resurrection coincided with the Feast of First Fruits. He was the First Fruits offering of the new covenant and the harvest of believers that will culminate in the Autumn Feasts
Is it all coincidence? I think not, the Messiahs death fulfilled the Spring Feasts exactly. This is very different to the understanding I had of the Messiahs crucifixion, resurrection and the Scriptural Feasts from what I had been taught!
It is a true story of absolute love and sacrifice that we must not demean by aligning it with pagan festivals.